Lung Cancer

Lung cancer affects 38,000 people a year in the UK, making it the second most common cancer here.

There are two main types of primary lung cancer:

  • Small cell lung cancer
  • Non-small cell lung cancer

Treatment will be determined by which type you have; you can discuss this with your consultant/doctor.

Secondary lung cancer originates from a cancer that has started somewhere else in the body. Secondary lung cancer most commonly develops from primary cancer of the breast, large bowel (also known as colon and rectum), gullet (oesophagus), melanoma (belonging to the skin cancer group), bladder, testicle, kidney (renal cancer) and stomach.

Symptoms tend to mirror those of primary lung cancer.


Things to look out for

Symptoms include but are not limited to:

  • A prolonged chest infection
  • A continuous cough or changes to a cough you have had for a long time
  • Changes to your voice, such as hoarseness
  • Coughing up blood
  • Weight loss and/or appetite loss
  • Wheezing and shortness of breath
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Pain (sharp) if coughing or breathing in deeply


What treatments are available?

The treatments for Lung cancer are:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Biological therapy (targeted therapy)
  • Interventional Oncology procedure such as percutaneous ablation.
  • Radiotherapy

You may have one of these treatments, or a combination. The type or combination of treatments you have will depend on how the cancer was diagnosed and the stage it's at.

The consultant diagnostic and interventional radiologists at Christie Oncology Imaging will be able to provide diagnostic CTPET/CT and MRI scans which will help to diagnose, stage monitor lung cancer response to surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. We also provide US/CT guided biopsy to obtain tissue samples which will help to tailor chemotherapy and other treatments to specific tumour characteristics. We may be able to offer an interventional oncology procedure such as percutaneous ablation.


More information available at: